Questions tagged [stake-pool]

A piece of software that creates and validates blocks for the blockchain and gets a reward in return. Users can choose to delegate their ADA to a stake pool to get a cut of the stake pool rewards.

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15
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4answers
326 views

Stake Pool Operator - offering financial services?

Is there any chance that stake pool operators could be considered to be offering financial services? If so, does anyone know whether there is a need to register with any entity or follow any specific ...
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4answers
586 views

Probability of Minting a Block

Assume a Stakepool with a delegated amount of x Ada. How can one calculate the probability of minting a block and what factors does it depend on?
12
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1answer
174 views

Are there any negative effects of having too many stake pools run by central exchanges?

I was browsing through the adapools.org groups section to see how decentralized the stake pools were and I noticed that a lot of the central exchanges have a ton of ADA staked and lot of stake pools. ...
11
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1answer
1k views

What is an Initial Stake-pool Offering (ISO)?

The decentralized exchange Sundaeswap is planning an initial stake pool offering (ISO) on Cardano. How does it work and what are the differences/advantages over an ICO?
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2answers
217 views

How can redundancy be established for producer nodes?

It is rather straightforward to create relay redundancy but it is not as clear how to create redundancies for the producer nodes. The best solution I could come up with for the time being are VMware ...
9
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2answers
104 views

What known stake pool attacks exist?

Recently a stakepool (CRO) changed its costs and % fees 30 minutes before an epoch end, effectively changing the rules mid-epoch for people staking with the pool. Are there other known stakepool ...
9
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2answers
590 views

Hardware requirments for running a stake pool?

I want to run a stake pool for fun and learning purposes and not for profit. What are the minimum hardware requirement for that? I have an old laptop with 2Gig RAM and 256Gig storage.
9
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2answers
151 views

Will small stake pools find it hard to cover running costs?

"Stake pool operators are rewarded for running the protocol in the form of incentives that come from the transaction fees and from inflation of the circulating supply of ada", as mentioned ...
9
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1answer
613 views

How is a stakepool rewarded?

Let's assume I run a stake pool, where I have pledged X ADA, have received delegations of Y ADA and have set a 1% fee. When my pool creates a block, how much ADA is awarded to my pool and how is this ...
8
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1answer
598 views

What are relay nodes?

I just started out with Cardano and blockchain and I read in an article somewhere that said that each stake pool must run at least one block-producing node and one relay node. The block-producing node ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Will I receive rewards for all epochs when I switch my stake pool?

I am currently delegating my ADA to stake pool A. I want to switch to stake pool B. What exactly happens with my rewards when I do this? Will there be an interruption in the reward payout or will I ...
8
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3answers
143 views

Does pool pledge amount impact odds of getting a block?

Two scenarios: Stakepool owner #1 pledges 10k, stakes 10k and total stake from others is 100k = 110k staked total Stakepool owner #2 pledges 100k, stakes 10k and total stake from others is 100k = 110k ...
8
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1answer
149 views

What is the difference between an active, relay and passive stake pool node?

I have seen three types of stake pool nodes mentioned. Active Relay Passive How do they differ in purpose and function?
8
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1answer
84 views

How does a stake pool node certify a block for the block chain?

How does a stake pool node certify a block for the blockchain? What part is done manually by a human pool operator and what part is done by a machine through automation? Say Peter pays Paul $10 ADA. A ...
8
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3answers
399 views

How many static IPs does one require to run a stake pool?

Do you require 3 static IPs to run a stake pool? 1 for each relay (x2) 1 for a block producing node Or, can I do 1 static IP, and have all these hostnames point to it: relay1.domain.com relay2....
7
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2answers
93 views

Is it possible that an honest validator node gets penalised in Cardano's POS scheme?

Want to understand if there can be scenarios where a stake pool gets penalised even though it does not act maliciously. If this risk exists, what are the possible cases that can lead to penalties and ...
7
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2answers
306 views

How can a private network be created besides Mainnet and Testnet?

I've came across this 2 year old question in Stack Overflow, I'm starting a side project at work to explore the potential of Cardano. There is an old documentation page that mentions cardano-sl ...
7
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3answers
87 views

What's better for cloud Virtual Private Server stake pool operations, persistent disk or local ssd?

I'm comparing various cloud server providers and I'm trying to understand the best storage options to run a stake pool in the cloud. Is a persistent disk better than an attached SSD? A persistent disk ...
7
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1answer
582 views

Stake pool - Failed to start all required subscriptions

Description I recently went through a router failure and an upgrade. And with that local and external IP addresses changes. After an IP address update both relay and producer nodes are fetching ...
6
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3answers
269 views

Relay Node vs Block-Producer Node

This might be a novice question, but please bear with me :) I'm working towards becoming an SPO and have a question regarding setting up the two types of nodes: I have a Raspberry Pi 4 and an AWS, ...
6
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1answer
108 views

How much does it cost for stake-pools to mine 1 ADA?

More or less how much does it cost in terms of: electricity + hardware devaluation for the stake-pools to mine each ADA?
6
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3answers
894 views

When I switch to another stake pool, do I need to withdraw my rewards first?

I'm using Yoroi and want to switch to another stake pool. I never withdrew my rewards from the current pool. What happens to my rewards when I switch pools? Do I need to withdraw them before I switch ...
6
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1answer
238 views

Does the staking pool deposit of 500ADA count towards the stake?

Does the staking pool deposit of 500ADA count towards the total stake of the pool, or is it a separate deposit that does not count towards the total stake?
6
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5answers
172 views

What is the Penalty for Running 2 Block Producer Nodes?

I am working on a block producer failover script and am wondering if there is a penalty for having two block producing nodes running at the same time. Basically there could be a slight overlap where 2 ...
6
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2answers
176 views

Setting up a stake pool relay node

I am in the initial steps of creating a stake pool and I've learnt that I need a block producer and a relay node. For the process of getting AWS instances, I would like to know: Do I need two relay ...
6
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1answer
238 views

What is the proper way to rotate KES keys?

I would like to rotate my KES keys using cardano-cli (I'm not using cncli or other tools). What would be the proper way to rotate the keys? is the VRF keys need to be updated also?
6
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2answers
107 views

Is there any kind of help for people who want to start a stake pool? [closed]

I would like to set up a stake pool but I have seen that with less than 800k - 1 million ADA it is not profitable. I would like to know if there is any kind of help for those modest pools that want to ...
5
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2answers
185 views

Relay Node & Block-Producing Node, which one requires more Hard Disk capacity?

As a follow-up to this questions Say, I have a SSD of 2TB, which of the two nodes do I have to connect it to? BP or Relay Node?
5
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3answers
401 views

How is it possible to know how many blocks a pool will mint in the next epoch?

I just saw this tweet: https://twitter.com/SmaugPool/status/1428010540711006218 Next epoch (285) should be great at 109% luck with 19 leader slots At the time the tweet was made, epoch 284 was still ...
5
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1answer
166 views

HELP NEEDED Block producer blocked by DigitalOcean - recover ADA?

can someone please help me? I had just started setting up my stake pool, using DigitalOcean droplets to host the block producer & relay nodes. All was going really well. Then, for some crazy ...
5
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3answers
303 views

Invalid KES signature OCERT but gLiveView shows KES is valid

Have recently rotated KES following steps. I cannot get any block to get adopted despite being selected as a slot leader number of times already. As you can see Guild LiveView tool shows that KES kes ...
5
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2answers
117 views

How to market a stakepool? [closed]

Besides: Running a zero percent margin pool Offering a bonus of 1000 Ada for a stake of 1 million Starting a podcast Advertising on Adapools.org using coinzilla NFT giveaways What other mechanisms ...
5
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1answer
128 views

Does an unmet pledge prevent a pool producing blocks, or only prevent rewards?

If a pool does not meet its pledge, does that prevent it from producing blocks, or only prevent rewards being paid out?
5
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1answer
195 views

Selfish mining / denial of service on Cardano?

I just analysed the reasons for why my pool minted an orphaned block. Here is the sequence of events: My pool minted block No=1 in its allocated slot=28 at T=28.050 seconds. This block propagated ...
5
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2answers
146 views

Best setup of your air-gapped offline machine (cold environment)?

What setup are you using for your air gap machine? Did you buy specific hardware, or some old pc laying around? If reusing some of your old hardware did you wipe it before using it again? Im looking ...
4
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4answers
283 views

How does Cardano protect against DoS attacks against stake pools?

I was reading about Algorand’s core technology, and in their section on delegated proof of stake, they argue that DoS attacks are a key weakness of this, and hence Cardano‘s, model. I was wondering ...
4
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2answers
398 views

What is the minimum amount of Ada needed to stake?

What is the minimum (lowest) amount of Ada needed to stake? Could you have the delegation fee + 0.00001 Ada? Where is this referenced?
4
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1answer
87 views

Is KES rotation operation time sensitive? Does the datetime of the offline machine need to be set correctly?

Talking about key-gen-KES and issue-op-cert operations of cardano-cli. Does the output of these functions depends on the machine clock? They are part of rotating the KES process of which one of the ...
4
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1answer
81 views

How to verify if KES is valid without needing to wait for the next minted block?

With reference to my previous question regarding inconsistent reading of KES validity given by cardano-node and gLiveView, is there any way I could objectively verify KES validity without waiting for ...
4
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1answer
189 views

2 stake pools using the same ticker name

we registered our pool on 2021-02-16 at 03:24:16. But unfortunately we noticed after our pool registration, that there was a second pool which has been registered with the same ticker 13 minutes later....
4
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1answer
195 views

Can I avoid using a public IP on Block-Producer (BP) node?

My BP and relays are on the same local subnet, I would prefer to give them the private IP address in the topology files. However, all of the guides I've come across explicitly state using public IPs. ...
4
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1answer
62 views

There is a CPU spike once per hour when logging "TraceLedgerEvent.TookSnapshot". Is it a bug, or is there a fix?

About once an hour, when TraceLedgerEvent.TookSnapshot is written to the log, there is a CPU spike and at the same time the slotMissedNum is increasing. Is this a bug in the node? Or is there a fix? ...
4
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1answer
45 views

Is there any keyword to get the epoch details or stake-pool details in Plutus Smart Contract?

I am trying to write a smart contract where I can get the awards for delegators of a particular stake pool. I need to know if that is right now possible to do using Plutus, if yes, pls suggest me.
3
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2answers
156 views

Stake pool leader logs

What is the earliest point to check the leader log for the next epoch using tools like cncli? I though it was 60 hours in to the current epoch, but keep getting the "Query returned no rows" ...
3
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3answers
108 views

How to validate someone delegates to your stakepool, while preserving their privacy?

Say you had a "stake pool paywall" for your website, where you offer your content, but only to those who delegate to your stake pool. What's the best way to validate someone has delegated to ...
3
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4answers
162 views

What is the best/recommended OS to run a stake pool?

What is the best/recommended Linux OS to run a stake pool?
3
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3answers
184 views

Why do Binance run 62 pools if it is an exchange?

Enterprise addresses Enterprise addresses carry no stake rights, so using these addresses means that you are opting out of participation in the proof-of-stake protocol. Exchanges or other ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Does the rewards on the pledge stake address count toward the stake pool pledge?

The pledge is just a delegation to the stake pool signed with the owner key. My question about the pledge amount, are the stake address' rewards counting towards the stake pool pledge as well or just ...
3
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2answers
76 views

How is the active stake of a stake pool calculated?

This question is related to my previous question: When are the snapshots for the active stake in an epoch taken? The active stake of a pool is used to calculate the rewards. What kind of system ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Can you run a stake pool pseudonymously?

To be a stake pool operator and run a stake pool, can you do this pseudonymously? If so, What are the pro/cons to this? Would this be preferred to prevent hacks, enhance DevSecOp, and potentially ...